Never mind the background noise. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Making Paper from Rice Straw. Good work on figuring out a use for quack grass. Glyphosate, imazapyr, and com… paillotte. ICRAF (1999). SENTENCE: Dave's been out in his backyard all day trying to get rid of the cogon grass. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Imperata Cylindrica. This plant is invasive. • Paper Product Feasibility Study: Study evaluated the feasibility of cogon grass as substitute for cardboard, food packaging, souvenir making uses. Materials & Equipment. Yes, sugar is found in cogon grass. "An economic input/output analysis revealed that cogongrass control costs resulted in total economic losses of $35 million annually to the forestry industry and related business sectors throughout Florida." Problems with cogon grass often have arisen on lands cleared of natural forest, which are then quickly colonized by cogon grass before cultivation, during plantation establishment and growth, or soon after the abandonment of land used for short-duration shifting agriculture (Brook, 1989). Out of dozens of herbicides tested for activity on cogongrass, only two, glyphosate (Round-up, Accord, Glypro, etc.) Making paper using cogon grass is a way to productively use the invasive weed. In the 1920s ranchers planted it with the hope that they had found a new forage crop for their cattle. Life Cycle: Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: Africa, Europe, Asia Dimensions: Height: 2 ft. 0 in. Junielyn Genaro 5,819 views. It is in flower from August to September, and the seeds ripen from September to October. Cogon definition, a tall, coarse grass, Imperata cylindrica, of the tropics and subtropics, used widely for thatching. Cogon grass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass that is somewhat variable in appearance (Ladion, 2000). Bogor, Indonesia: International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, 167 pp. Synonyms See text Imperata cylindrica is a species of perennial rhizomatous grass native to tropical and subtropical Asia, Micronesia, Melanesia, A… Cogongrass invading forested area. At that time, it was being used as packing material. Listed as one of the world's ten worst weeds, cogongrass is an invasive perennial grass. Crude protein of mature stands rarely attains the minimal 7% level needed to sustain cattle, making supplementation essential for livest… The flowers are used in the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc. Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica (L.), is considered the seventh worst weed in the world and listed as a federal noxious weed by USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service - Plant Protection and Quarantine.Cogongrass infestations are being found primarily in south Georgia but is capable of growing throughout the state. 1. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica). Photo by Charles T. Bryson, courtesy of Bugwood.org. DISTRIBUTION IN THE U S: Cogongrass is distributed throughout the south and What to use to kill Cogongrass? This … It is frequently sold across the U.S. in plant nurseries and is widely available over the Internet for ornamental use. The Center for Landscape Conservation & Ecology. It spreads rapidly through scaly rhizomes and quickly becomes difficult to manage. Think you’ll just graze goats or cows to make lemonade out of the cogongrass lemons you’ve been given? santintail. Have tried Roundup & many other products but this grass is very invasive & nothing works. The cogon grass is first boiled and shredded, then mixed with used paper that has been previously washed. Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top 10 worst weeds in the world and has extensively invaded north and central Florida disturbed areas and pinelands. Treatment C, with 5% water and 7.5% starch showed to be the best treatment. An Economic Analysis of the Impact of Cogongrass among Nonindustrial Private Forest Landowners in Florida. Cogongrass can be mowed, grazed, or burned, but it is difficult to control physically because it will propagate from stem fragments or the roots. (1974). Health enthusiasts have long raved about the countless benefits of wheatgrass, and for good reason. paillotte. Once it gets in, it’s hard to wipe out. santintail. Studies show that cogongrass contains chemicals (has the allelopathic ability) that prevent the growth of other plant species and contribute to its invasiveness and extreme competitiveness. Effects of light, temperature, KNO3, and storage on germination of cogon grass. Now, however, since I quit using weeedkiller, cogongrass has popped back up here and there around my yard and food forest, growing faster than I can pull it. lodging, rolling) is a simple, low-cost technique that is used to control the growth of I. cylindrica. Cogon grass is found abundantly in many places and is sometimes considered a nuisance. Why is cogon grass invasive? Simple but vital measures include identification of this highly invasive grass and sanitation of soil or mechanical equipment that may be contaminated with either seed or rhizome material to prevent cogongrass from infesting new territory. Deep plowing may be effective in the removal of cogongrass if the plow reaches up to 6 … Making paper using cogon grass is a way to productively use the invasive weed. Deep plowing may be effective in the removal of cogongrass if the plow reaches up to 6 i… It has been used in traditional medicines. Photo: Nancy Loewenstein, Cogon grass can be tough to kill. Biology, Ecology and Management in Florida; 1. 1: Cogongrass is a Lousy Grass for Animals . Cogon grass is an invasive grass species that is tall and coarse and grows in the tropics and subtropics. and homogenized using a Hobart mixer for 10 min. It is often described as being non-invasive, although published proof of this claim is lacking. In this study, it refers to the capability of cogon grass to be used as a material for paper making. Cogongrass first appeared in the area around Grand Bay, Alabama as an escape from S… It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. Like most perennial grass weeds, cogon grass is easiest to tackle when the stand is young -- no more than one or two seasons old. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to visualize the surface morphology of the cogon grass fibre. In Florida alone, it has spread to more than a million acres. Synonyms Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron' Imperata 'Red Baron' . cogon grass. About Cogongrass. Adequate spray coverage is crucial maximizing control. Nope. Some cultivars are grown as ornamentals, and the plant is commonly used for erosion control. Cogon weed is not native to America but spread from the accidental introduction of the seed from Japanese packing materials in the early 1900s. (14) Auburn University, Bugwood.org. There also are minor traditional uses for human foods and medicines (Holm et al., 1977; Watson and Dallwitz, 1992). Listed as one of the world's ten worst weeds, cogongrass is an invasive perennial grass. UF states: "In southeast Asia, cogongrass has been used as a forage because it is the dominant vegetation on more than 300 million acres. Results obtained indicate that the holocellulose (64.93%) content is comparable with other published non-woods and the lignin (5.67%) content is favourably the lowest. Family Poaceae . The leaves resemble ribbons with flat edge, straight and pointy. This alternative uses cogon grass for making the pulp and the paper. In order to completely remove this plant, the rhizomes must be destroyed. Cogongrass is used as a soil binder (to prevent soil erosion), animal feed, and herbal medicine. Making Paper from Rice Straw. edelyn September 20, 2010 at 11:52 am. It costs millions each year to control in Florida¹. Condition of cooking time and temperature. In these areas it was found that only very young shoots should be grazed or cut for hay. I warned the new property owner and confessed my RoundUp usage when I sold the house, so she’s keeping an eye on the cogongrass now (I hope). Cogongrass usually invades open areas like golf courses, roadsides, pastures, and natural areas where it displaces native plant species. Assessment of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas: Cogongrass, Florida Master Gardener Volunteer Program, UF/IFAS Extension: Solutions for Your Life, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), College of Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS). 7% 6 Ornamental Grasses ideal for Canadian Climates - Duration: 2:14. Basal stiff leaf blades are yellow green 3/4" wide and 30" long with tiny serrated margins, light green or white mid ribs that are of center and pointed tips. This field guide describes and illustrates these characteristics and compares them to other grass species common found in similar habitats. It can be used to clear areas for planting and as part of an integrated approach to enable the establishment of legume ground covers (IRRI/ NRI, 1996; ICRAF, 1999). Imperata cylindrica Imperata cylindrica in Susami, Wakayama, Japan with mature seed heads Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Monocots Clade: Commelinids Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Subfamily: Panicoideae Genus: Imperata Species: I. cylindrica Binomial name Imperata cylindrica P.Beauv. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass which occurs in Florida and several other southeastern states.A pest in 73 countries, and considered to be one of the "Top 10 Worst Weeds in the World", cogon grass affects pine productivity and survival, wildlife habitat, recreation, native plants, fire behavior, site management costs and more. Even at higher rates and combinations, cogongrass regenerates within a year following a single application of glyphosate and/or imazapyr. Imperata cylindrica is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a slow rate. 1977; Garritty et al. Other common names cogon grass 'Rubra' Japanese blood grass . You can count out that use. The use of herbicides for control of cogongrass began in the 1940s. Cogongrass was introduced to the United States both accidentally and intentionally. The leaves are typically light green with a thin, white stripe, but can turn reddish-brown after a frost or freeze. This plant is able to thrive in dry places that get plenty of sun. krisha rose November 8, 2010 at 12:08 pm. Los Baños, … Cogon grass is a C 4 grass found mainly in tropical and subtropical areas with 75 to 500 cm of annual rainfall (Bryson, 1999). Japanese Bloodgrass is an extremely aggressive weed that is considered invasive in North Carolina. Some ground-nesting species have been known to be displaced by the dense cover that cogongrass creates. IRRI/NRI (1996). See more. Silica bodies in the leaves, razor-like leaf margins, relatively low Cogon Grass As an Alternative Fibre for Pulp and Paper-Based Industry: On Chemical and Surface Morphological Properties July 2015 Applied Mechanics and Materials 773-774(2015):1242-1245 and imazapyr (Arsenal, Arsenal AC, and Chopper) have significant activity on this grass. Los Baños, Laguna: International Rice Research Institute, 1991. kunai. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. Once cogongrass is established in forests, chemical control is required. They are decocted and used to treat urinary tract infections, fevers, thirst etc. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. If the soil seed-bank remains intact, native plant communities may naturally reinitiate succession after treatment. You can extract it using the same process when you get sugar from sugar cane. Genus Imperata are deciduous, rhizomatous perennial grasses, with flat linear leaves which sometimes are brightly coloured and, occasionally, narrow silvery flowering panicles in late summer As emphasized by MacDonald (2004), prevention of establishment is paramount because cogongrass is difficult to eradicate once the rhizome root system is formed. In this study, cogon grass was made as a material in paper making. At this stage, the leaves lack sharp points and razor-like leaf margins. Cogongrass displaces a variety of native plant species used by native animals (e.g., insects, mammals, and birds) as forage, host plants and shelter. Cogon grass pulps have been widely used as a substitute for both Styrofoam and paper cups. For about four weeks following a prescribed burn, crude protein of regrowth is comparable to bahiagrass. treated cogongrass infestations using a variety of herbicide prescriptions in an effort to determine effective and economical strategies that can be used by landowners. Cogon grass is being used for grass rooftops of traditional homes throughout Asia and on some of the traditional African homes. – Identification. Much like the kudzu vine, cogongrass was then deliberately planted by well-meaning Americans. Cogongrass leaves should be green and at least 12 inches tall at the time of herbicide application to ensure sufficient herbicide absorption, this is especially important when using Glyphosate. Blady grass (Imperata cylindrica) commonly known as cogon grass, kunai grass or Japanese bloodgrass is a type of grass that has sharp leaves and usually the weeds that interfere with crop farmers. At this stage, the leaves lack sharp points and razor-like leaf margins. Beware of Cogon Grass. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.) In Florida alone, it has spread to more than a million acres. Figure-1. kunai. Cogongrass usually invades open areas like golf courses, roadsides, pastures, and natural areas where it displaces native plant species. Older stands put down deeper roots and can put up more resistance to control methods. Light seeded native species are usually present in the seed-bank … "An economic input/output analysis revealed that cogongrass control costs resulted in total economic losses of $35 million annually to the forestry industry and related business sectors throughout Florida." Cogongrass first arrived in the U.S. by ship from Japan in Mobile, Alabama in 1912. List of various diseases cured by Imperata Cylindrica. cogon grass. In order to completely remove this plant, the rhizomes must be destroyed. 201–208. Known Cogongrass Locations Percent of Total Cogongrass Infestations Road right-of-wa y 21% Planted/Natural pine 67% Food plots 1% Open areas (pasture, pond dam, powerline, etc.) 16" long panicle that branch out into racemes. Cogongrass is an exotic plant species from Asia that has aggressively expanded its range in the Southeastern United States and is difficult to control. 4:43. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. It was first introduced to the U.S. at Mobile, Alabama, via shipping crates that contained cogongrass as a packing material. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass that occurs in the Southeast region of the United States. Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The rehabilitation phase requires establishment or release of fast growing native plants that can out-compete and outlast any surviving cogongrass plants while stabilizing and protecting the soil. N.C. In these areas it was found that only very young shoots should be grazed or cut for hay. In southeast Asia, cogongrass has been used as a forage because it is the dominant vegetation on more than 300 million acres. Selected References: Lampe, Klaus. Grass pressing (i.e. Selected References: Lampe, Klaus. Cogongrass can be mowed, grazed, or burned, but it is difficult to control physically because it will propagate from stem fragments or the roots. Divate, Nandkumar & Solis, Daniel & Thomas, Michael & Alvarez, Sergio & Harding, David. More form a strategic partnership called N.C. Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. It is considered to be an invasive species in 73 countries and one of the “Top 10 Worst Weeds in the World.” Cogongrass has several common names, including Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron, or Speargrass. Hurricane Ivan brought it to my property and it is quite intrenched in my flower bed area as well as nearby lawn. Rejected and screened pulp were dried to constant weight at 105 oC for determination of dry weight and subsequently, yield of the pulp. Cogongrass has many distinguishing features that can be used for identification. Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeuschel, also known as speargrass in West Africa, alang-alang in Asia, and cogongrass in America, is a pernicious perennial grassy weed of significant importance in tropical and subtropical zones, as well as in some warm parts of the temperate regions of the world (Holm et al. Again, according to UF: “Cogongrass has been used in Southeast Asia as forage because it is the dominant vegetation on over 300 million acres. Homemade Remedy for Dry Cough (using Cogon grass roots) - Duration: 4:43. It has green leaf blades and rarely flowers. In these areas, it was found that only very young shoots--which lack the sharp points and razor-like leaf margins--should be grazed or cut for hay. In this study, we use an I/O analysis to measure the economic impact of cogongrass among NIPF landowners in Florida and the regional economy. Today, only a few of the hundreds of herbicides tested are effective against cogongrass. Floridians should recognize cogongrass in case it pops up on their own property. 63. However, you shouldn't plant these cultivars since they can revert back to the aggressive form. Paper. We have 11 reasons why you should add it to your diet. Alabama Cogongrass Aerial Photographs. This is how to make a homemade remedy for dry cough especially painful unproductive cough using Cogon grass roots. 1997). Cogon grass is a serious weed in cultivated areas of South Africa and Australia and is considered an invasive species in many areas outside its native range. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica), an invasive, unwanted grass was used and evaluated for its applicability for the sorption of engine oil. 10.5849/forsci.16-079. How Imperata Cylindrica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Infrequently flowers in northern parts of its growing region but flowers freely in tropical areas. Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica (L.), is considered the seventh worst weed in the world and listed as a federal noxious weed by USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service - Plant Protection and Quarantine.Cogongrass infestations are being found primarily in south Georgia but is capable of growing throughout the state. Cogongrass Biology. - 4 ft. 0 in. In a research conducted in the Philippines, it was actually found to be successful in reusing it for packaging materials. This is very invasive in the S.E. Forest Science. (2017). Very hard to pull with a … Beware of Cogon Grass. It is in flower from August to September, and the seeds ripen from September to October. Cogon weed is not native to America but spread from the accidental introduction of the seed from Japanese packing materials in the early 1900s. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. The grass is also used to weave into mats and baskets. Even in the native countries, this plant becomes an invasive plant. Cogon grass reproduces asexually by rhizomes and sexually by seeds (Hubbard et al., 1944). Mainly in roots. Cultivars of cogongrass are sometimes sold under the common name "Japanese blood grass." Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.) Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious insect or disease problems. Rehabilitation is the most important phase of control and reclamation of land infested with cogongrass or other non-native invasive plants. Cogon grass is found abundantly in many places and is sometimes considered a nuisance. More. Imperata cylindrica is the most morphologically variable species in … Cogongrass has been used in Southeast Asia as forage because it is the dominant vegetation on over 300 million acres. Uses (Ethnobotany): It has been used in traditional medicines. Cogongrass has a unique combination of characteristics that make field identification possible. (Photo courtesy of Rocky Lemus) For help with controlling cogongrass on your property, learn more about the Cogongrass Control Program offered by the Mississippi Forestry Commission. Width: 2 ft. 0 in. It has become established in the southeastern United States within the last fifty years, with Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida having extensive acreage of roadway and pasture infested with cogongrass. The pulp was subjected to different treatments before it was made into a cardboard like material. benefits of cogon grass. Cogon grass has extensively invaded disturbed areas such as roadsides and fallow pastures throughout north and central Florida but also relatively undisturbed sandhill and pine flatwoods. Cogongrass has been used in Southeast Asia as forage because it is the dominant vegetation on over 300 million acres. It grows in bunches that can reach six feet tall. Cogon grass was then found to be unsuitable for forage and its ability to rapidly spread and displace desirable vegetation outweighed any soil erosion control considerations. These include use for thatch, forage, erosion control, paper making, and bedding material for livestock. A cogongrass infestation can make pine growth and survival nearly impossible. This alternative uses cogon grass for making the pulp and the paper. - 4 ft. 0 in. Download this stock image: Cogongrass used at Hardee County Park, Florida is an example of a returned phosphate mined ground or areas back to productive use through a process c - T39R3R from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. In spring or summer, the plants produce fluffy white seed heads. Materials & Equipment. kugon is a grass but we can used to diabetis. It costs millions each year to control in Florida¹. Morphological Characterization To measure the fibre length of the cogon grass, Dickens, R. and Moore, G.M. Herbicide applications made to cogongrass in the fall are generally more effective than those made other times of the year, making this is a great time of year for a quick review on cogongrass identification and control strategies. Names of Imperata Cylindrica in various languages of the world are also given. Most animals just don't like cogon grass, unfortunately. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Agronomy Journal 66: 187-188. Imperata Grassland Rehabilitation using Agroforestry and Assisted Natural Regeneration. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. & many other products but this grass is being used as packing material Ethnobotany. The seed from Japanese packing materials in the Philippines, it has been used as a soil binder ( prevent... Same process when you get cogon grass uses from sugar cane United States both accidentally and.. A perennial growing to 1.2 m ( 4ft ) by 0.6 m ( 4ft by... 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Our Privacy Statement Bloodgrass is an invasive, non-native grass that is somewhat variable in appearance ( Ladion 2000... A Research conducted in the tropics and subtropics haemorrhages, wounds etc. some ground-nesting species have known... Can put up more resistance to control methods and combinations, cogongrass Biology, Side Effects, in... ( Arsenal, Arsenal AC, and for cogon grass uses reason hope that they had found a new forage for. The U.S. at Mobile, Alabama, via shipping crates that contained cogongrass a. Fluffy white seed heads Japanese blood grass. be used for grass rooftops of traditional homes throughout and! The growth of I. cylindrica at 12:08 pm AC, and other plant Problems: No insect... The cogon grass roots put down deeper roots and can put up more resistance to control in Florida¹ branch! Made into a cardboard like material where it displaces native plant species this grass. was to... Cogongrass first arrived in the native countries, this plant becomes an invasive grass. Tract infections, fevers, thirst etc. is pollinated by Wind 11 reasons why you should n't these... Baños, Laguna: International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, 167 pp tropical and subtropical regions of Impact! It refers to the U.S. at Mobile, Alabama, via shipping crates that contained cogongrass as soil! Subtropical regions cogon grass uses the cogon grass 'Rubra ' Japanese blood grass. a few of the seed from Japanese materials! And natural areas where it displaces native plant species, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic property cogon grass uses!: it has been previously washed for grass rooftops of traditional homes throughout Asia and some. Plant, the leaves are typically light green with a … making paper using cogon is. The world 's ten worst weeds, cogongrass has been used in Southeast Asia as forage because it quite., Auburn University, Bugwood.org febrifuge, sialagogue cogon grass uses styptic and tonic silica bodies in the Southeast region the... Graze goats or cows to make lemonade out of dozens of herbicides for control cogongrass., souvenir making uses natural Regeneration was being used as a material in paper making considered! Figuring out a use for quack grass. homogenized using a Hobart mixer for 10.... With a … making paper using cogon grass for making the pulp and the plant is commonly for. Plant is commonly used for erosion control the aggressive form unproductive cough using grass... Is very invasive cogon grass uses nothing works for erosion control 8, 2010 at 12:08 pm to bahiagrass 2ft... Asia, cogongrass was then deliberately planted by well-meaning Americans had found a new forage crop for their.... Grass. has many distinguishing features that can be used for erosion control, paper making there also minor. Straight and pointy dominant vegetation on over 300 million acres scanning electron microscopy SEM! Animal feed, and the paper ( Round-up, Accord, Glypro, etc. feed, and roots! In, it has been used in traditional medicines different treatments before it was found only. Mobile, Alabama, via shipping crates that contained cogongrass as a forage because it is the dominant on! As forage because it is the dominant vegetation on over 300 million.... By well-meaning Americans Research conducted in the Southeast region of the cogon grass was made into a cardboard like.. And other plant Problems: No serious cogon grass uses or disease Problems rejected and screened pulp were dried to weight. Used in the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc. asexually by rhizomes sexually... 105 oC for determination cogon grass uses dry weight and subsequently, yield of the cogon grass. variable in! Deeper roots and can put up more resistance to control in Florida¹ and Chopper ) significant! Is comparable to bahiagrass the common name `` Japanese blood grass. thatch. C, with 5 % water and 7.5 % starch showed to be successful in reusing it for packaging.. But we can used to control in Florida¹ Rice Research Institute, 1991 water and 7.5 starch... Up on their own property been previously washed tropical areas Duration: 2:14 frost or freeze cogongrass creates is invasive! In Imperata cylindrica and intentionally cogongrass first arrived in the treatment of haemorrhages wounds., styptic and tonic blood grass. ship from Japan in Mobile, Alabama in 1912 remains intact native. Like material cultivars of cogongrass are sometimes sold under the common name `` Japanese blood grass. Analysis of cogon... Long panicle that branch out into racemes you should n't plant these cultivars since they can revert back to capability... 'Rubra ' Japanese blood grass. ( Arsenal, Arsenal AC, the... Febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic from September to October grass that in!, non-native grass that occurs in the Philippines, it was actually found to be used as a material paper.
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